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What Are the Effects of CBD?

Cannabidiol or CBD is one of the many naturally occurring active ingredients of the cannabis plant. But unlike THC, CBD is not a psychoactive component, meaning that it will not have an intoxicating effect on your mental state. 

CBD does not make you feel “high” or “stoned”, but it does give a nice, calming effect.

Much has been said about the effects of CBD on a number of ailments, and many users stand by its therapeutic effects. Research is being conducted on the effects of CBD on a number of conditions, but there is not enough evidence just yet to claim conclusive results. CBD does have a calming effect on the body, which leads to a perceived sense of wellbeing. But how does it work?

The Endocannabinoid System

The Endocannabinoid system works to maintain homeostasis, or balance at the cellular level, within the body. It was discovered in the 1990s while studying the effects of cannabis on the human body, hence its name.  

The three main parts of the Endocannabinoid System are cannabinoid receptors found on the surface of cells, small molecules that activate receptors called endocannabinoids, and metabolic enzymes that break down endocannabinoids. The receptors process information about the internal and external conditions of the cell and trigger cellular processes. 

Our cells naturally produce cannabinoids that work similarly to CBD and THC when responding to external stimuli like stress and injury. It is believed that when CBD is absorbed within our body, it activates the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, as well as non-cannabinoid receptors like serotonin receptors.