What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a naturally occurring active ingredient derived from the hemp plant. CBD is only one of the many different cannabinoids that can be found in the hemp plant.
Cannabidiol is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis and an essential component of medicinal cannabis. Unlike delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (also known as THC) which is the main component in ‘marijuana’, CBD is not psychoactive, which means its consumption will not result in a ‘high’.
The THC and CBD content varies between different types of cannabis plants. CBD is usually derived from the hemp plant; in the UK, that is any type of cannabis plant that contains 0.2% or less THC by dry weight.
Hemp plants have higher levels of other cannabinoids like CBD, that do not have psychoactive effects. When it comes to the product derived from these plants, they can be classified into two main categories, broad or full spectrum.
Full vs Broad/Narrow Spectrum
Full-spectrum CBD products are the kind of products that are extracted in such a way that they retain all of the compounds that the plant has to offer, that includes other cannabinoids such as CBDA, CBC, and CBG, as well as terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids, and trace amounts of THC.
Broad-spectrum and narrow-spectrum CBD products are those that are completely free of THC, but may also retain some of the other beneficial components and cannabinoids within the plant, depending on the production process. All LXR products qualify as broad or narrow-spectrum products as they are completely free of THC.
Another category of CBD products are CBD isolates. These are crystalline solids or powders of pure CBD. Isolates are obtained by extracting every other compound from the plant until only CBD is left.